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A Formação da Teologia de John Nelson Darby (Parte 3/3)

A Formação da Teologia de John Nelson Darby

 

Paul Richard Wilkinson

 

* Extraído com permissão autoral do livro “For Zion’s Sake” (Por Amor de Sião), de Paul Richard Wilkinson.

** O referido livro foi recentemente relançado com o título “Understanding Christian Zionism”.

 

 

PARTE 3/3

 

NOTAS


1 KOBLER, Franz. Napoleon and the Jews. Jerusalem: Massada Press Ltd., 1975, p.26.

2 Anglo-Jewish Letters. Editado por Roth, p.203.

3 BEERE, Richard. A Dissertation on the 13th and 14th verses of the 8th chapter of Daniel; containing strong and cogent arguments, to prove that the commencement of the final restoration of the Jews, to the Holy Land, is to take place in the ensuing year, A.D. 1791. Londres: 1790, pp.42-43.

4 PATTERSON, Mark Rayburn. Designing the Last Days: Edward Irving, the Albury Circle, and the Theology of the Morning Watch. PhD: Universidade de Londres, 2001, p.44.

5 HEMPTON, David. Religion and Political Culture in Britain and Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, p.98.

6 ELLIOTT. Horae Apocalypticae: Vol. III, p.244.

7 BICHENO, James. The Signs of the Times: or, The Overthrow of the Papal Tyranny in France, the Prelude of Destruction to Popery and Despotism; but of Peace to Mankind. Londres: 1793.

8 BICHENO, James. The Restoration of the Jews the Crisis of all Nations: to which is now prefixed, A brief History of the Jews, from their First Dispersion, to the Calling of their Grand Sanhedrin at Paris, October 6th, 1806. And An Address on the Present State of Affairs, in Europe in General, and in this Country in Particular, 2nd edition. Londres: 1807, pp.2-3, 86, 127, 233.

9 KOBLER. Napolean and the Jews, p.213.

10 KOBLER. Napolean and the Jews, p.18.

11 PARKES, James. Whose Land? A History of the Peoples of Palestine. Revised edition. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1970, p.177.

12 GUEDALLA, Philip. Napoleon and Palestine. Londres: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1925, pp.31-36.

13  CROMBIE. A Jewish Bishop in Jerusalem, p.8.

14 CROMBIE, Kelvin. Anzacs, Empires and Israel’s Restoration 1798-1948. Osborne Park: Vocational Education & Training Publications, 1998, p.41.

15 SCHWARZFUCHS, Simon. Napoleon, the Jews and the Sanhedrin. Londres: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979, p.49.

16 EDELSTEIN, Alan. An Unacknowledged Harmony: Philo-Semitism and the Survival of European Jewry. Londres: Greenwood Press, 1982, p.138.

17  GUEDALLA. Napoleon and Palestine, p.35.

18 FABER, George Stanley. The Predicted Downfall of the Turkish Power the Preparation for the Return of the Ten Tribes. Londres: Thomas Bosworth, 1853, pp.36, vii.

19 FABER, George Stanley. A General and Connected View of the Prophecies, relative to the Conversion, Restoration, Union, and Future Glory, of the Houses of Judah and Israel; the Progress, and Final Overthrow, of the Antichristian Confederacy in the Land of Palestine; and the Ultimate General Diffusion of Christianity: Vol. I, 2nd edition. Londres: 1809, pp. 20, 365.

20 FABER. A General and Connected View: Vol. II, p.340.

21 FABER, George Stanley. The Conversion of the Jews to the Faith of Christ, the true Medium of the Conversion of the Gentile World. Um sermão em Isaias 60.1-5 pregado à Sociedade Londrina para Promoção do Cristianismo entre os Judeus, 18 Ap. 1822, Covent Garden, Parish Church of St. Paul. Londres: 1822, p.17.

22 WEBB, J.B. Naomi; or The Last Days of Jerusalem. Edinburgh: W.P. Nimmo, Hay, & Mitchell, 1887, pp.5-8.

23 DARBY. The Hopes of the Church. CW2:342.

24 RYLE. Are you Ready for the End of Time?, p.158.

25 WILKINSON. God’s Plan for the Jew, p.92.

26 LATOURETTE, Kenneth Scott. A History of Christianity. Londres: Eyre and Spottiswoode Limited, 1954, p.1063.

27 WHALEN, Robert K. “’Christian Love the Jews!’ The Development of American Philo-Semitism, 1790-1860” in Religion and American Culture, 6.2. Summer: 1996, p.240.

28 FRANKEL, Jonathan. The Damascus Affair: ‘Ritual Murder’, Politics and the Jews in 1840. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, p.288.

29 GIDNEY, W.T. The Jews and their Evangelization. Londres: Student Volunteer Missionary Union, 1899, p.vii.

30 SCULT, Mel. Millennial Expectations and Jewish Liberties: A Study of the Efforts to Convert the Jews in Britain, up to the Mid Nineteenth Century. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978, p.90.

31 GIDNEY, W.T. The History of the London Society for Promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, from 1809-1908. Londres: LSPCJ, 1908, p.12.

32 FRANKEL. The Damascus Affair, p.288.

33 Frey havia chegado a Londres inicialmente em 1801 para receber a formação de missionário na África pela Sociedade Londrina de Missões (LMS).

34 WAY, Lewis. Reviewers Reviewed; or, Observations on Article II of the British Critic for January 1819, New Series, entitled, ‘On the London Society for Converting the Jews’, 2nd edition. Londres: 1819, p.25.

35 LSPCJ. The First Report of the Committee of the London Society for Promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, 2nd edition. Londres: 1819, p.7.

36 CROMBIE, Kelvin. For the Love of Zion. Londres: Hodder & Stoughton, 1991, p.13.

37 CROMBIE. ANZACS, p.45.

38 ENDELMAN, Todd M. The Jews of Georgian England, 1714-1830. Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979, pp.72-73.

39 PERRY, Yaron. British Mission to the Jews in Nineteenth-Century Palestine. Londres: Frank Cass, 2003, p.199.

40 GIDNEY. The History of the London Society, p.71.

41 STIRLING, A.M.W. The Ways of Yesterday: Being the Chronicles of the Way Family from 1307 to 1885. Londres: Thornton Butterworth Ltd, 1930, p.270.

42 PATTERSON. Designing the Last Days, p.50.

43 Citado por CROMBIE em For the Love of Zion, p.109.

44 SIZER, Stephen R. “The Historical Roots of Christian Zionism from Irving to Balfour: Christian Zionism in the United Kingdom (1820-1918)” in ATEEK, DUAYBIS, and TOBIN. Challenging Christian Zionism, p.21.

45 BICKERSTETH, Edward. The Restoration of the Jews to their own Land, in Connection with their Future Conversion and the Final Blessedness of our Earth, 2nd edition. Londres: R.B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1841, pp.ii, lxviii, xci, cxi, 111.

46 BICKERSTETH. The Restoration of the Jews, pp.ix, xxiii, 34, 46.

47 BICKERSTETH. The Restoration of the Jews, pp.xxxv, 148, xli, 82-83, lxxx, 65.

48 WILSON, Daniel. “Recollections of the Rev. Charles Simeon (1837)” in Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. Charles Simeon, 2nd edition, edited by William Carus. Londres: J. Hatchard & Son, 1847, p.844.

49 BICKERSTETH. The Restoration of the Jews, p.52.

50 MOULE, H.C.G. Charles Simeon. Londres: Methuen & Co., 1892, p.122.

51 DELL, Robert S. “Simeon and the Bible” in Charles Simeon (1759-1836): Artigos escritos em comemoração ao seu bicentenário pelos membro da Evangelical Fellowship for Theological Literature, editado por Arthur Pollard and Michael Hennell. Londres: SPCK, 1959, p.32.

52 Memoirs, edited by Carus, pp.67-68; cf. Jonh Brown, The Self-Interpreting Bible. Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1845, p.xi.

53 POLLARD, Arthur. “The Influence and Significance of Simeon’s Work” in POLLARD and HENNELL. Charles Simeon, p.180.

54 GIDNEY. The History of the London Society, p.159.

55 Memoirs, edited by Carus, p.819.

56 GIDNEY. The History of the London Society, p.61.

57 SIMEON, Charles. The Jews Provoked to Jealousy. Um sermão pregado na quarta-feira, em 5 de junho de 1811 na Church of the United Parishes of St. Antholin and St. John Baptist, rua Watlin. Londres: 1811, p.28.

58 SIMEON, Charles. The Conversion of the Jews; or, Our Duty and Encouragement to Promote it. Dois discursos pregados à Universidade de Cambridge em 18 e 25 de fevereiro de 1821. Londres: 1821, p.8.

59 SIMEON, Charles. Um sermão pregado à Sociedade em 8 de maio de 1818 na Paróquia de St. Paul, Covent Garden, prefixado ao Décimo Relatório da Sociedade Londrina para Promoção do Cristianismo entre os Judeus. Londres: 1818, p.15.

60 SIMEON, Charles. The Conversion of the Jews, pp.46, 7, 26.

61 SIMEON, Charles. Sovereignty and Equity Combined: or the Dispensations of God towards Jews and Gentiles Illustrated. Um sermão pregado à Universidade e Cambridge em 5 de maio de 1822. Cambridge: 1822, p.19.

62 BELLET. Recollections, p.16. Darby conheceu Simeon em Cambridge em 1830. (DARBY. Further Remarks upon Righteousness and Law, CW10:133-134).

63 SIZER. Christian Zionism, pp.36,41.

64 Memoirs, edited by Carus, p.659.

65 MOULE. Charles Simeon, p.124.

66 GIDNEY. The History of the London Society, p.148.

67 Memoirs, edited by Carus, p.815. As “escrituras de ouro” a que Simeon fez referência foi Jr 12.7; Rm 11.28; Ez 36.22; Jr 32.41; and Sf 3.17-20.

68 Memoirs, edited by Carus, p.818.

69 Citado em BICKERSTETH. The Restoration of the Jews, pp.291-293.

70 JERRAM, Charles. An Essay Tending to Shew the Grounds Contained in Scripture for Expecting a Future Restoration of the Jews. Cambridge: 1796, pp.40, 21, 9.

71 BROWN, John Aquila. The Jew, the Master-Key of the Apocalypse; in Answer to Mr. Frere’s ‘General Structure’, and the Dissertations of the Rev. Edw. Irving, and Other Commentators. Londres: 1827, pp.9, v, 1, xiii-xiv.

72 KOBLER, The Vision was There, p.49.

73 FRY, John. The Second Advent; or, the Glorious Epiphany of our Lord Jesus Christ. Being an attempt to elucidate, in chronological order, the Prophecies both of the Old and New Testaments: Vol. I. Londres: 1822, p.98.

74 FRY. The Second Advent: Vol. II, p.204.

75 HOOPER, John. The Doctrine of the Second Advent, briefly stated in an address to the Members of the Church of England, in the Parish of Westbury, Wilts. Londres: James Nisbet, 1829, p.6.

76 HOOPER, John. The Translation: or, The Changing of the Living Saints, and their Deliverance from the Judgements which are coming on the earth. Londres: William Edward Painter, 1846, p.18.

77 HOOPER, John. “The Church’s Expectation” in The Morning Watch, 4 (1832), 321.

78 HARRISON, The Second Coming, p.219.

79 BREUNIG, Charles. The Age of Revolution and Reaction 1789-1850. Londres: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1970, p.61.

80 CARTER, Grayson. Anglican Evangelicals: Protestant Secessions from the Via Media, c.1800-1850. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, p.196.

81 DIMONT. Jews, p.318.

82 TOON, Peter. Evangelical Theology 1833-1856: A Response to Tractarianism. Londres: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1979, p.204.

83 HOWSE, Ernest Marshall. Saints in Politics: The ‘Clapham Sect’and the Growth of Freedom. Londres: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1976, p.v.

84 OVERTON, John H. The English Church in the Nineteenth Century, 1800-1833. Londres: Longmans, Green, & Co. 1894, pp.66-94.

85 HILTON, Boyd. The Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangeliscalism on Social and Economic Thought, 1795-1865. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988, p.7.

86 FINESTEIN, Israel. Jewish Society in Victorian England. Londres: Vallentine Mitchell & Co., 1993, pp.78-103.

87 MACAULAY, Thomas Babington. The Miscellaneous Writings and Speeches of Lord Macaulay, new edition. Londres: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Dyer, 1873, pp.547-548.

88 DRUMMOND, Henry. Narrativa das circunstâncias que levaram à fundação da Igreja de Cristo em Albury. 1834, p.7.

89 DRUMMOND, Andrew Landale. Edward Irving and His Circle: Including some Consideration of the “Tongues” Movement in the Light of Modern Psychology. Londres: James Clark & Co. Ltd., p.7.

90 STUNT. Influences, p.46.

91 DRUMMOND. Narrative, p.7.

92 BALLAINE, G.R. A History of the Evangelical Party in the Church of England. Londres: Church Book Room Press Ltd., 1951, p.203.

93 STIRLING. The Ways of Yeasterday, p.205.

94 OLIVER. Prophets and Millennialists, p.107.

95 IRVING, Edward. Preliminary Discourse in The Coming of Messiah in Glory and Majesty, por Juan Josafat Ben-Ezra, um Judeu Convertido, traduzido do Espanhol , com um Preliminary Discourse, by the Rev. Edward Irving, A.M. Vol. I. Londres: L.B. Seeley and Son, 1827, pp. CLXXXVIII, CLXXXIX-CXC.

96 PATTERSON. Designing the Last Days, pp.38, 26.

97 DRUMMOND, Henry. Tracts fo the Last Days: Vol. I. Londres: William Edward Painter, 1844, III, 364, 343-344

98 DRUMMOND, Henry. Dialogues on Prophecy: Vol. I. Londres: James Nisbet, 1827, p. 100.

99 DRUMMOND, Henry. Tracts: Vol. I, p. 344

100 DRUMMOND, Henry. A Defence of the Students of Prophecy, in Answer to the Attack of the Rev. Dr. Hamilton, of Strathblane. Londres: James Nisbet, 1828, pp. 26, 22-23.

101 Baseado nas conversas com seus colegas delegados, a quem ele conferiu pseudônimos. (Vide A Dictionary of Writes on the Prophecies, with the Titles and Occasional Description of their Works. London: Simpkin, Marshal and Co., 1835).

102 DRUMMOND. Dialoques: Vol. II, p. 47, 22.

103 DRUMMOND. Dialogues: Vol. I, pp. 66, VI-VII

104 DRUMMOND. Dialogues: Vol. III, pp. 458, 263.

105 DAVENPORT, Rowland A. Albury Apostles, Birdlip: United Writers, 1970, p. 109.

106 STANDRING, G. L. Albury and the Catholic Apostolic Church: A Guide to eh Personalities, Beliefs and Practices of the Community of Christians commonly called the Catholic Apostolic Church. Guildford, 1985, pp. 55-57.

107 SITWELL, Francis. The Purpose of God in Creation and Redemption: and the Successive Steps for Manifesting the Same in and by the Church. 3ª Edição, Londres: Hamilton, Adams & Co., 1868, pp 309-310, 313-316, 320-323.

108 CARDALE, John Bate ed. The Liturgy and Other Divine Offices of the Church. Londres: n.d., p. 271.

109 MCNEILE, Hugh. Popular Lectures on tue Prophecies Relative to the Jewish Nation. Londres: J. Hatchard an Son, 1830, p. XI.

110 Ibid, prefácio.

111 MCNEILE, Hugh.  Popular Lectures. pp. 1, 63, 85, 75-76, 143.

112 FROOM. The Prophetic Faith: Vol. III, p. 274.

113 On the Gradual Unfolding of Prophecy. The Morning Watch, 1830, 540.

114 CUNINGHAME, William. Letters and Essays, Controversial and Critical, on Subjects Connected with the Conversion and National Restoration of Israel. Londres, 1722, p. VII.

115 CUNINGHAME, William. A Dissertation on the Seals and Trumpets of the Apocalypse, and the Prophetical Period of Twelve Hundred and Sixty Years. Londres, 1813, p. 293.

116 CUNINGHAME. Letters and Essays, p.282.

117 CUNINGHAME, William. A Letter to the Right Honourable Lord Ashley, President of the London Society for Promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, on the Necessity of Immediate Measures for the Jewish Colonisation of Palestine. London: 1849, p. 10.

118 STIRLING. The Ways of Yesterday, p. 121.

119 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism, p. 9.

120 GIDNEY. The History of the London Society, p. 150.

121 STIRLING. The Ways of Yesterday, pp. 125, 199-201, 305-306.

122 BASILICUS. Thoughts on the Scriptural Expectations of the Christian Church. Gloucester. Pp. 47, 99-100.

123 DARBY, Nelson. The Acts of the Apostles, M4:87-93.

124 STEWART, James Haldane. Thoughts on the Importance of Special Prayer for the General Outpouring of the Holy Spirit. London: 1821, p.4.

125 WAY, Lewis. The Latter Rain; with Observations on The Importance of General Prayer for the Special Outpouring of the Holy Spirit. London: 1821, p 7.

126 WAY, Lewis. Poems. Stansted: 1822.

127 WAY, Lewis. The Latter Rain, pp. 89-91. Em 1794, Sir. William Ashburnham inscreveu seu poema, A Restauração dos Judeus, para concorrer ao Prêmio Seatonian, porém não obteve sucesso. Francis Wrangham (A Restauração dos Judeus, 1795) e John Hudson (Ciro e a Restauração dos Judeus, 1902) venceram o prêmio.

128 CARUS (org.). Memoirs, p. 501.

129 STIRLING. The Ways of Yesterday, pp. 174, 178-179, 197; cf. Lucien Wolf, Notes on the diplomatic history of the Jewish question: with texts of protocol, treaty stipulations and other public acts and official documents. London: 1919.

130 KOBLER. The Vision was There. p. 51.

131 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism. p. 29.

132 OLIVER. Prophets and Millennialists. p. 99.

133 DALLIMORE, Arnold. The Life of Edward Irving, the Fore-Runner of the Charismatic Movement. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1983, p. IX.

134 THE MORNING WATCH. The Ark of God in the Temple of Dagon. 1832, 443.

135 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism. pp. 14-15.

136 HOLLAND. Life and Letters of Zachary Macaulay, p. 390.

137 BONAR, Andrew A. The Life of Robert Murray McCheyne. Londres: Banner of Truth Trust, 1960, p. 35.

138 HOLLAND, Margaret Jean. Life and Letters of Zachary Macaulay. Londres: Edward Arnold, 1900, pp. 389-390.

139 RENNIE. Nineteenth-Century Roots. p. 50.

140 ROWDON. The Origins of the Brethren. p. 10.

141 DRUMMOND.  Edward Irving and His Circle. p. 74.

142 SADEEN.  The Roots of Fundamentalism. p. 25.

143 MACLEOD, John. Scottish Theology in Relation to Church History since the Reformation. 2ª ed. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1946, p. 277.

144 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism. p. 25.

145 BEBBINGTON, David W. Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s. Londres: Unwin Hyman, 1989, p. 88.

146 PATTERSON. Designing the Last Days. p. 18.

147 FROOM. The Prophetic Faith: Vol, III. p. 268, cf. IRVING, Edward.  Babylon and Infidelity Foredoomed of God: A Discourse on the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse which relate to these latter times and until the Second Advent. 2ª ed. Glascow: 1828, p. 377.

148 BEBBINGTON. Evangelicalism. p. 82.

149 OLIPHANT, Margaret.  The Life of Edward Irving: Vol. I. Londres: Hurst and Blackett, 1862, p. 385.

150 BEN-EZRA. The Coming of Messiah: Vol. I. p. 21.

151 BEN-EZRA. To the Messiah Jesus Christ, the Son of God, Son of the Most Holy Virgin Mary, Son of David, and Son of Araham em BEN-EZRA. The Cominf of Messiah: Vol. I. pp. 9-10.

152 BEN-EZRA. The Coming of Messiah: Vol. I. p. 28.

153 BEN-EZRA. The Coming of Messiah: Vol. II. p. 133.

154 BEN-EZRA. The Coming of Messiah: Vol. I. pp. 298-299, 342.

155 CUNINGHAME, William. A Summary View of the Scriptural Argument for the Second and Glorious Advent of Messiah before the Millennium. Glascow: 1828, p. VI.

156 IRVING, Edward. Preliminary Discourse. pp. CLIX, XXIX-XXXI.

157 BEN-EZRA. The Coming of Messiah: Vol. I. pp. 196, 263.

158 ICE, Thomas D. et al. em COUCH, Mal (org.). Dictionary of Premillennial Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1996, p 378.

159 RENNIE. Nineteenth-Century Roots. p. 51.

160 IRVING, Edward. Preliminary Discourse. pp. IVII, I, LIII-LIV.

161 IRVING, Edward. Signs of the Times, and the Characteristics of the Church (Part II) em The Morning Watch, 2, 1831, p. 147.

162 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation of all the Old-testament Prophecies quoted in the New. Interpretation VII em The Morning Watch, 2, 1831, p. 550.

163 IRVING, Edward. Preliminary Discourse. pp. V, XI.

164 IRVING, Edward. The Last Days: A Discourse on the Evil Character of these our Times, Proving them to be the ‘Perilous Times’ of the ‘Last Days’. Londres: R. B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1828, pp. 35-35.

165 OLIPHANT. The Life of Edward Irving: Vol II. p. 144.

166 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation III em The Morning Watch, 1, 1830, pp. 345-347.

167 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation V em The Morning Watch, 2, 1831, pp. 293-294.

168 IRVING, Edward. Sign of the Times (Part II). pp. 142-144.

169 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation V. pp. 68-69.

170 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation VI em The Morning Watch, 2, 1831, pp. 293-294.

171 IRVING, Edward. Signs of the Times and the Characteristics of the Church em The Morning Watch, 1, 1830, p.643.

172 IRVING, Edward. The Times and Seasons em The Morning Watch, 1, 1830, p. 44.

173 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation VII.II. em The Morning Watch, 2, 1831, p. 788.

174 IRVING, Edward. Preliminary Discourse. pp. XXX-XXXI.

175 IRVING, Edward. Signs of the Times and the Characteristics of the Church em The Morning Watch, 1, pp. 156, 160.

176 IRVING, Edward. What Caused Mr. Baxter’s Fall? em The Morning Watch, 7, 1833, p. 132.

177 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation V. p. 83

178 IRVING, Edward. Interpretation VI. pp. 318-319.

179 TREGELLES, Samuel P. The Hope of Christ’s Second Coming. 7ª ed. Chelmsford: Sovereign Grace Advent Testimony, p. 23.

180 WALVOORD, John F. The Blessed Hopes and the Tribulation: A Historical and Biblical Study of Posttribulationism. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1977, p. 43.

181 KELLY. The Rapture of the Saints. p. 11.

182 HUEBNER. The Truth of the Pre-Tribulation Rapture Recovered. p. 16.

183 MURRAY. The Puritan Hope. p. 200.

184 SIZER. Christian Zionism. p. 51.

185 CLARK. Allies for Armageddon. p. 61.

186 COHN-SHERBOK. The Politics of Apocalypse. pp. 13-14.

187 SIZER, Stephen R. The Promised Land: A Critical Investigation of Evangelical Christian Zionism in Britain and the United States of America since 1800. PhD: Middlesex University, 2002, p. 157.

188 DARBY, John Nelson. Observations on a Tract entitled ‘Remarks on the Sufferings of the Lord Jesus’. CW15:34.

189 SIZER. The Promised Land. p. 47.

190 SIZER. Christian Zionism. p. 51.

191 DARBY, John Nelson. Union in Incarnation. CW29:187.

192 DARBY, John Nelson. Reflections upon the Prophetic Inquiry. CW2:19.

193 DARBY, John Nelson. Letter to J. L. Harris. Limerick, recebida em 19 de Agosto de 1833, L1:23.

194 DARBY, John Nelson. On the Presence and Action of the Holy Ghost in the Church in Answer to the Work of Mr. P. Wolff, entitled ‘Ministry as Opposed to Hierarchism and Chiefly to Religious Radicalism’. CW3:264 cf. Notes of Readings – The Acts of the Apostles. M4:93; The Irrationalism of Infidelity. CW6:283.

195 DARBY, John Nelson. Letter to R. T. Grant. Nova Iorque: 1866, L1:469-470.

196 DARBY, John Nelson. Remarks on a Tract circulated by the Irvingites entitled ‘A Word of Instruction’. CW15:2; Union in incarnation, the Root Erros of Modern Theology. CW29:186; Christological Pantheism. CW29:204-210.

197 DARBY, John Nelson. The Irrationalism of Infidelity. CW6:285.

198 DARBY, John Nelson. The Dispensation of the Fulness of Times. CW13:152.

199 DARBY, John Nelson. Reflections upon the Prophetic Inquiry. CW2:6-9.

200 Gravado pelo amigo de Newton, Frederick Wyatt, e posteriormente copiado por Alfred Fry.

201 FRY, Alfred. The Fry MS. pp. 237-238, 322.

202 KELLY. The Rapture of the Saints. pp. 6-7.

203 DALLIMORE.  The Life of Edward Irving. p. 103.

204 OLIPHANT. The Life of Edward Irving Vol: II. p. 134.

205 DALLIMORE. The Life of Edward Irving. p. 106 cf. NORTON, Robert. Memoirs of James & George MacDonald of Port-Glasgow. Londres: John F. Shaw. 1840. Pp; 74-75.

206 THE MORNING WATCH. On the Extraordinary Manifestations in Port-Glasgow. 1831, pp. 896-873.

207 THE MORNING WATCH. The Out-Pouring of the Holy Spirit. 1831, p. 617.

208 FRY, Albert. The Fry MS. pp. 236-237, 208.

209 NEWMAN. Phases of Faith. p. 119.

210 DARBY, John Nelson. The Irrationalism of Infidelity. CW6:284-285 cf. Letter to a Sister. 5 de março de 1875, L1:76-77; Letter to C. McAdam. Chicago: maio de 1875, L2:346.

211 KELLY. The Rapture of the Saints. p. 12.

212 MACPHERSON, Dave. The Incredible Cover-Up: Exposing the Origins of Rapture Theories. Medford, OR: Omega Publications, 2001, pp. 94, V, 85.

213 NORTH. Rapture Fever. p. 137.

214 RENNIE. Nineteenth-Century Roots. p. 51.

215 CARRON. The Christian Testimony. pp. 346-347.

216 RENNIE. Nineteenth-Century Roots. p. 52.

217 MACPHERSON, Dave. The Incredible Cover-Up: Exposing the Origins of Rapture Theories. Medford, OR: Omega Publications, 2001, p. 153.

218 JAMES, Strandberg and. Are you Rapture Ready? p. 56.

219 RENNIE. Nineteenth-Century Roots. p. 52.

220 FLEGG, Columbia Graham. Gathered under Apostles: A Study on the Catholic Apostolic Church. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1992, p. 5. cf. WEBER, Timothy P. Living in the Shadow of the Second Coming: American Premillennialism, 1875-1982. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1987, pp. 21-22.

221 FLEGG. Gathered under Apostles. p. 436.

222 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism. p. 64.

223 LAHAYE. Rapture under Attack. pp. 116-136.

224 LINDSEY. The Rapture. p. 201.

225 STUNT. Influences. p. 57.

226 BENWARE. Understating End Times Prophecy. p. 196.

227 NEBEKER. John Nelson Darby. p. 89.

228 BRUCE, F.F. Book Review of The Unbelievable Pretrib Origin, Evangelical Quarterly, 47. 1975, p. 58.

229 WEBER. Living in the Shadow of the Second Coming. p. 22.

230 SANDEEN. The Roots of Fundamentalism. p. 23.

231 TUDOR, John. Conclusion of the Morning Watch em The Morning Watch, 7, 1833, p. 401.

232 TUDOR, John.  The Study of Prophecy a Question of Degree em The Morning Watch, 1, 1830, p. 186.

233 THE MORNING WATCH. Discourse of M. de Noé, Bishop of Lescar (Troyes), escrito em 1785. 6ª ed., 1833, pp. 56-59.

234 FIDUS. Commentary on the Seven Apocalyptic Epistles em The Morning Watch, 4, 1832, p. 12.

235 THE MORNING WATCH. The Hour of Christ’s Appearance. 4ª ed. 1832, p. 253.

236 THE MORNING WATCH. Present State of Prophetic Knowledge and Progress in the Interpretation of the Apocalypse. 5ª ed., 1832, p. 374.

237 THE MORNING WATCH. Christ the Morning Star; and Lucifer Son of the Morning. 5ª ed., 1832, p. 12.

238 DARBY, John Nelson. Reflections upon the Prophetic Inquiry. CW2:20-21.

239 Veja, por exemplo, Germinant Fulfilment of Prophecies em The Morning Watch, 6, 1833, pp. 45-49; The Alphabet of Prophecy em The Morning Watch, 7, 1833, pp. 140-160.

240 ANDERSON, Sir. Robert. The Coming Prince: The Marvellous Prophecy of Daniel’s Seventy Weeks concerning the Antichrist. 14ª ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1954, p. 131.

241 O pai de Maitland, Capitão Charles Maitland, acreditava que a restauração dos judeus estava “à porta”. (MAITLAND, Charles.  A Brief and Connected View of the Prophecy: being Na Exposition of the Second, Seventh, and Eighth Chapters of the Prophecy of Daniel; together with the Sixteenth Chapter of Revelation. To which are added Some Observations respecting the period and manner of he Restoration of the Jews. Londres: 1814, p. 78).

242 ODDY. Eschatological Prophecy. p. 95.

243 TYSO, Joseph. The Year-Day System of Interpreting the Prophecies Examined. Wallingford: 1845, p. 10.

244 TYSO, Joseph.  And inquiry after Prophetic Truth relative to the Restoration of the Jews and the Millennium. Londres: Holdsworth and Ball, 1831, pp. 111, 117, 64-87, 176-210.

245 WITHERBY, William.  A review of Scripture, in Testimony of the Truth of the Second Advent, the First Ressurrection, and the Millennium: with and Appendix, containing extracts from Mr. Joseph Eyre’s Observations on the Prophecies Relating to e Restoration of the Jews. Londres: 1818, pp. XXII, 50, XXIII, 11, 23-24.

246 WITHERBY, Thomas. An Attempt to Remove Prejudices concerning the Jewish Nation by way of Dialogue. Londres: 1804, pp. V-VI, 114, 262, 311.

247 MAITLAND, Samuel Roffey. An Enquiry into the Grounds on which the Prophetic Period of Daniel and St. John has been supposed to consist of the 1260 years. Londres: Hatchard and Son, 1826, p. 2.

248 ANDERSON. Unfulfilled Prophecy. p. 54.

249 ELLIOT. Horae Apocalypticae: Vol. I. p. III.

250 DARBY, John Nelson. On ‘Days’ Signifying Years. CW2:42.

251 BURGH, William. Lectures on the Second Advent of our Lord Jesus Christ, and Connected Events: with and Introduction on the Use of Unfulfilled Prophecy. Dublin: 1832, p. 125.

252 DARBY, John Nelson. Review of ‘Lectures on the Second Advent’. CW33:1.

253 BEBBINGTON. Evangelicalism. p. 86; cj. TAL, Eliyahu. You Don’t Have to be Jewish to be a Zionist: A Review of 400 Years of Cristian Zionism. Jerusalem: International Forum for a United Jerusalem, 2000, p. 58.

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